Error "NameError: name 'open' is not defined" when attempting to implement logging

I'm trying to implement Python's logging feature in a Python script that uses Neobolt and Neo4J's Python driver but I get the following error:

Exception ignored in: Traceback (most recent call last): File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/neo4j/", line 151, in __del__ File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/neo4j/", line 178, in close File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/neobolt/", line 675, in close File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/neobolt/", line 660, in remove File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/site-packages/neobolt/", line 516, in close File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/logging/", line 1320, in debug File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/logging/", line 1468, in _log File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/logging/", line 1478, in handle File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/logging/", line 1540, in callHandlers File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/logging/", line 854, in handle File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/logging/", line 1080, in emit File "/usr/local/lib/python3.7/logging/", line 1070, in _open NameError: name 'open' is not defined

My code doesn't initiate any Neo4J transactions, only attempts to log them onto a file. Once I remove the logging code, the error is eliminated.

My setup:
Neo4J Version: 3.5.1 Community
Neo4J Mode: Single instance
Driver version: Python driver 1.7.1
Operating System: Fedora 29

Can you also share your code snippet?

This is the code that calls my logger:

for relation in all_relations:

        start =
        end =
        minutes, seconds == compute_time(start, end)
        string = 'Time taken to run query for {0} relationship for node {4}: Minutes: {1}, Seconds: {2}'.format(relation, minutes, seconds, count) 

This is how my logger object is configured:

super(TwitterDataProcessor, self).init()
config_file = ('config_file.cfg')
log_file = self.config['Field_Object']['log_file']
defaults={'Object': log_file}
self.logger = logging.getLogger('Object')

neo4j_datastore.addRelationsByRules(relation) calls the following code:

query = "MATCH (a:"+str(relation["NodeLabel1"])+"),(b:"+str(relation["NodeLabel2"])+")"+" WHERE a."+str(relation["Property1"])+" = b."+str(relation["Property2"])+" "+"CREATE UNIQUE (a)-[r:"+str(relation["RelationshipLabel"])+"]->(b)"

self._driver.session().write_transaction(self.addRelationsByRulesToDB, query)

Something looks very broken with your Python environment. I don't think this is anything to do with Neo4j.

Your stack trace shows a problem in the standard library logging module. Specifically within this function:

    def _open(self):
        Open the current base file with the (original) mode and encoding.
        Return the resulting stream.
        return open(self.baseFilename, self.mode, encoding=self.encoding)

This uses the built-in Python open function, as documented here:

But if that function isn't available, which it should always be, then you have a fundamental problem with your environment. I suggest rebuilding your Python environment from scratch and, if that doesn't fix it, have a look for something that could be blocking access to the open built-in.

I'm seeing a similar stack trace, google brought me to this discussion. Running anaconda python 3.6.8. Just finished upgrading from py2neo 3.1.2 to py2neo 4.2.0 (conda-forge). That also brought in new packages:
neobolt conda-forge/win-64::neobolt-1.7.13-py36hfa6e2cd_0
neotime pkgs/main/win-64::neotime-1.7.4-py36_0

Still troubleshooting, but the stack trace doesn't reference any of my code. Seems to be debug level logging from neobolt opening and closing connections.

My application does a LOT of logging, until today, nothing has ever triggered a message like this.

--- Logging error ---
Traceback (most recent call last):
File "C:\conda\envs\gh-dev\lib\logging\", line 71, in emit
if self.shouldRollover(record):
File "C:\conda\envs\gh-dev\lib\logging\", line 185, in shouldRollover =
File "C:\conda\envs\gh-dev\lib\logging_init
.py", line 1061, in _open
return open(self.baseFilename, self.mode, encoding=self.encoding)
NameError: name 'open' is not defined
Call stack:
File "C:\conda\envs\gh-dev\lib\site-packages\neobolt\", line 254, in del
File "C:\conda\envs\gh-dev\lib\site-packages\neobolt\", line 541, in close
log_debug("[#%04X] C: GOODBYE", self.local_port)
Message: '[#%04X] C: GOODBYE'
Arguments: (56767,)

As a workaround, I've assigned a nullHandler to the "neobolt" logger. That seems to avoid the problem, although I'm still perplexed as to why the logging library can't find the built-in open method.

Sample logging.conf relevant bits (merge with your other conf items)




Python knows the purposes of certain names (ex. built-in functions ). Other names are defined within the program (ex. variables). If Python encounters a name that it doesn't recognize, you'll probably get NameError: global name 'xx' is not defined error. In most cases, this error is triggered when Python sees a variable name (Global or Local) and doesn't know what it's for. These errors can happen if you forget to initialize a variable , if you misspell a variable, or if you misspell a reserved word such as "True". Before you use the global variable in your function for reading, it must be first initialized somewhere: either outside of the function or inside it.